11_The Union may the ship of state ride safely
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1. Andrew Leopold’s Forlorn Hope (1) – by Jim Surkamp With Author Steve French
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> civilwarscholars.com/?p=13287 5422 words. 2. Author Steve French on Andrew Leopold( Video Transcript & & Link).
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Andrew Leopold’s Forlorn Hope (1)– by Jim Surkamp With Author Steve French.
Enabled with the generous, community-minded assistance of American Public University system, offering a quality, economical, online education. Interpretations in civilwarscholars.com videos and posts do not in any way show modern-day poilicies and positions of American Public University System. More …
What is a mom to do?
1_Polly Zittle’s 22-year old kid.
Polly Zittle’s 22-year old kid, Andrew– soon-to-be-hanged– had much to consider in his solitary cell in the inmost sanctum of Fort McHenry jail near Baltimore.
Warmaker Andrew T. Leopold (also Laypole, Lepole, and Isadore Laypole) had in his hands a small book that he hoped he might put in the hands of another detainee who, unlike him, would leave the prison upright and alive.
2_The crash of fight shells.
The crash of fight shells, the squashing of bones like lath and cries, the groans, the clash of sabers, the screaming excitement of musketry, the shattering in basic– had actually released something fierce in Andrew, belonging to the gun– this one-time crew mate on a lazy Potomac canal boat, who a young girl named Mary referred to as: “well constructed, straight as an arrow, not good-looking of face, but with a sincere, severe face that one knew the best ways to trust.”.
3_He wrote in his cell on the blank leavesGlimpses_of_Heaven_frontispiece.
He composed in his cell on the blank leaves of “Glances of Heaven or, The Light Beyond Jordan”: My dear and kind caring mom, It is with the deepest grief that your simple kid has to report to you the sad news of my unfortunate and much unexpected fate which is deemed for me by now. However be of great cheer. I have great grounds to believe and hope that I go to a better world for I have actually cast myself on the graces of our God. Planning to his Child, Jesus Christ, who passed away upon the cross without sin that we may have immortality by thinking in him. I want to meet you and my 2 sis because bright land where sin and difficulties disappear and there to show forth enjoy to God and Jesus Christ, our redeemer. My fate is that of a felon. I know not the day that I have heard from a minister of the Gospel that I am not to suffer death on “Hangman’s Day,” however that is bad alleviation to you but it will be a consolation to know that I went willing and ready to satisfy my peace maker … I write this hoping you may get this book and hope the gentleman who finds it might send it to you. May God be merciful to you is the prayer of your unfortunate son and bro.”– Spirit of Jefferson., April 19, 1898, Image 1.
4_Robert Baylor, the prisoner there from Charlestown.
Robert Baylor, the prisoner there from Charlestown, likewise condemned to death but who had his travelled less than 10 days after Leopold’s last, composed in his diary that Leopold’s “Glimpses” book had highlighted by Andrew many significant poetic lines.
5_1859_Leopold’s River of Peace.
1859: Leopold’s River of Peace:.
6_Andrew’s quiet days prior to the war years.
Andrew’s quiet days simply prior to the war years on the deck and pulling the lines for a canal boat are best put by a fellow boatman in the year 1859:.
7_Only the almost inaudible ripple of the boat.
Only the almost inaudible ripple of the boat in the water, the distant click of the mules’ feet, the purring of the river, the hum of bugs, and periodically chirp of a bird broke the stillness. It was nearly a perfect state of repose. The days wandered by as a dream and as I recall, it was a really tranquil dream, day encountered day, sunshine into sunlight, with no care or thought for the morrow.– Ella E. Clark (ed.).
1860: War Clouds Stir Leopold To Action:.
8_Even after the John Brown Raiders.
Even after the John Brown Raiders, their capture, trials in a Virginia Court and hangings– Shepherdstown’s Hamtramck Guards and all militias, hard-marched even more in anticipation.
Ahead was the November election for president. Residents didn’t support Lincoln, but they didn’t support Breckinridge either. They preferred a pro-unionist “conciliator,” called John Bell. The Shepherdstown Register editor, John Zittle, the 2nd hubby of Leopold’s mom, wrote July 14, 1860:.
9_There are four prospects for president.
” There are four prospects for president of the United States. The contest quotes fair to be the warmest ever understood in the political record of our nation. The struggling waters appear so threatening to engulf us we can invoke the true blessings of providence to direct us through.”.
10_The 4th of July celebration.
The 4th of July celebration at Big Spring held together– barely. It started “with the Hamtramck Guards; Capt. V. M. Butler with the spirited notes of the fife and the inspired music of the drum … All hands did justice in easing the table of it’s ponderous weight of arrangements ‘done up brown’ by our pal Martin Yontz,” wrote Zittle. Capt. Heskitt had earlier marched the Guards, the town militia, from the town armory in complete parade dress, each man having fifteen rounds of blank cartridges. Auctioneer George McGlincey lifted his glass to:.
11_The Union may the ship of state ride securely.
” The Union … may the ship of state ride safely into port over the struggling waters.” Then C. W. Yontz counter-toasted: “To Virginia, so long as she contains the graves of Washington, Jefferson, and a Madison, she should be faithful to her glorious title of Old Rule.”.
12_Lincoln is elected. War starts.
1860-April, 1861– Lincoln is elected. War begins April, 1861:.
The crisis at Fort Sumter, South Carolina changed hot words to hot weapons. Virginia voted to sign up with the secession, pending a referendum. With the secession vote prepared the next day on whether or not to withdraw, these same regional militias marched that night to Harper’s Ferry to take the Federal arsenal.
David Hunter Strother, who signed up with the Federal Army, wrote of the night of April 18th at Harpers Ferry after the Federal guard blew up much of the armory to keep militias from catching the arms there. The vote on secession in Richmond had actually not been completed:.
13_many more were on the way.
As the night advanced, the streets ended up being more crowded with people from the town and area. By one o’clock (early April 19th) the fires had actually sunk in ashes, when, dismal, chilled and fatigued, I looked for a bed at your house of an associate. I did not sleep soundly and was regularly disrupted during the night by the noise of drums and the tramp of passing squadrons … lots of more were on the method.– p. 14.
Amongst those en route to employ that April 18th was firebrand soldier William A. Morgan from his Falling Spring manse outside Shepherdstown, who was rapidly made Captain of Business F of the First Virginia Cavalry and, as was his nature would take part in many major fights in his state and stroll away from numerous horses shot from under him as the method of the warring life until peace showed up once again at last.
14_Leopold, the next day, joined Company F.
Andrew Thomas Leopold, the next day, signed up with Company F under Captain Morgan’s command– and impact. Two other boys about Shepherdstown, both about Leopold’s age, had the exact same intent to employ in Confederate programs and nearly at the very same time. Nineteen-year-old carpenter, Jacob Hudson, and seventeen-year-old Charles Ed Entler, a ferry boatman– were making the journey to Harper’s Ferry to sign up with Company B of the 2nd Virginia infantry regiment under the command of this unidentified, odd Col. Thomas Jonathan Jackson, with long days simply ahead of sorry-making, endless drill.
15_tutelage and charm of Capt. Morgan.
However Leopold had a relentless role design in the tutelage and charisma of Capt. Morgan.
So they all prepared. In June, Confederates under Gen. Joseph Johnston left Harper’s Ferry, reduced upriver towards Falling Waters, encamping for their waited for first war-time brush with the Federal Army nearby. Leopold would come in person with another mesmerizing cavalryman, J.E.B. Stuart, who, in early July on the eve of fight, talked his men in this camp:.
16_you are ignorant of this kind of work.
” Attention!” he cried. “Now I wish to talk with you, guys … you are ignorant of this kind of work, and I am teaching you. I want you to observe that a good guy on a good horse can never ever be captured. Another thing: cavalry can trot away from anything, and a gallop is a gait unbecoming a soldier, unless he is going towards the enemy. Keep in mind that. We gallop at the opponent, and trot away, constantly. p. 116.
– More …
Leopold and Morgan– the “Reckless Invincibles:”.
17_the very first Battle of Bull Run/Manassas.
Quickly at the very first Battle of Bull Run/Manassas Leopold and Morgan were both amongst the 150 males in the First Virginia Cavalry– rumbling galloping, steam-nostril, horse weight tossing toward the stressed red-scarlet uniformed males in the New york city Zouaves getting away to anywhere, raised sabers at them. William Blackford remembered: “The significant.
18_horses at complete speed broke through.
inspiration of horses at full speed broke through their line like chaff prior to grain.”.
Leopold was “Seeing The Elephant,” the phrase of all soldiers for beholding war’s immediate scary. It was explained right after this July, 1861 fight by Morgan to his better half: By dawn the conflict started with the booming of artillery and the sharp reports of musketry, joined the hoarse commands given by the officers, the screams of the dying horses and the groans of the wounded which maintained without intermission till moonlight. Two entire cavalry front ranks went down as they went into the opponent’s line, myself and company were in the very center of their ranks.
19_balls flying thick all around.
The balls flying thick all around– obviously as thick as hail and yet strange to say there was no one eliminated– 2 or three of us were somewhat injured, myself among the number … My horse, George, behaved nobly, never ever flinching at any time.
… However Others Deserted:.
20_Unlike Leopold, Charles Entler.
Unlike Leopold, Charles Entler and Jacob Hudson both deserted from Co. B 2nd Virginia, returning home. Entler was currently back house, once again a ferryboat boatman at Blackford’s Landing. His B company of the 2nd Virginia had actually passed through Shepherdstown and.
21_set on fire on June 13, 1861, the wood covered bridge.
set on fire on June 13, 1861, the wood covered bridge throughout the River near the ferry. Composed his friend, Henry K. Douglas: I saw the glowing windows in my house on the hill beyond the river … I realized that war had started … and my soul was filled with revengeful bitterness. Two days later, on June 15th Charles Entler was reported as having deserted, resuming his ferry boat responsibilities.
22_Jacob Hudson would desert.
Jacob Hudson would desert the following spring on March 15,1862, likewise re-appearing in Shepherdstown, stricken from the rolls and out of uniform.
23_Leopold, however, warmed in the radiance of a war-maker.
Leopold, however, warmed in the radiance of a war-maker:.
24_Leopold wrote his mom from Camp Ashby.
Leopold composed his mother from Camp Ashby near Harrisonburg that he had a skirmish near Luray, where with sixteen guys he routed a Yankee Camp, capturing 18 prisoners, injuring 12 and killing 5, capturing 10 thousand dollars worth of medicines, clothing and products.– Martinsburg Statesmen (from the Shepherdstown Register), May 23, 1895.
This might have been an occasion May 6, 1862, reported with some distinctions by Federal Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks, U. S. Army:.
Might 7, 1862. The Fifth New York City Cavalry had a sharp skirmish with Ashby’s cavalry (7th Virginia Cavalry-JS) the other day near Harrisonburg. They (The Federals-JS) made a succession of a lot of spirited charges versus remarkable numbers, killing 10, injuring lots of, and capturing 6 rebels. Their conduct offered the highest satisfaction. Their chief weapon was the saber. The opponent does disappoint himself other than by cavalry.– p. 456.
August 30, 1862– Leopold The Avenger at Second Manassas/Bull Run:.
25_Sergeant Leopold, of the Twelfth Virginia Cavalry, remained in the thickest of the fight.
Sergeant Leopold, of the Twelfth Virginia Cavalry, remained in the thickest of the fight and acted most gallantly during its continuation. He was injured in 3 places.– Authorities Report by his Brigade Leader Brig. General Beverly Holcombe Robertson– pp. 746-747.
Beverly_Robertson Image of B. H. Robertson.
800px-Second_Bull_Run_Aug30_1700 Source of map. Click map to expand.
The cavalry brigade of Brig. Gen. Beverly H. Robertson and the regiment of Col. Thomas Munford raced to the extreme right of the Confederate position, hoping– with the assistance of four batteries of horse artillery– to obstruct the retreating Union males at Lewis Ford.
26_I charged the regiment on the hill and drove them back.
Col. Asher W. Harman of the 12th Virginia Cavalry, Leopold’s and Morgan’s regiment, wrote:.
At Manassas, on August 30, about 4 p.m., I was bought, with 6 business of my program (A, C, D, E, F, and H), to support the Second Virginia Cavalry. I discovered the opponent inhabiting the hill to the right of the Lewis home, with the First [West] Virginia Cavalry, supported by a New York and the First Michigan Cavalry, drawn up about 200 backyards in their back.
I charged the program on the hill and drove them back on their support, which remained in fast succession broken and driven back in complete condition. I pursued them over the run and as far as the pike near the stone bridge, recording many prisoners, amongst them Colonel Brodhead and Major Atwood, of the First Michigan Cavalry, the former severely injured. My loss was 6 guys wounded.– p. 752.
Author Eric Wittenberg composed:.
The males of Robertson’s brigade formed into line and, (Harman wrote) “in wedgelike type, dashed headlong toward the fight line of blue; and as the apex of this promptly moving mass will pierce the center of their line, it fluctuated for an immediate, then broke and left in every direction.”.
27_The charge of the 12th Virginia crashed into the West Virginians.
The charge of the 12th Virginia crashed into the West Virginians and drove them back upon their reserves. As one member of the 12th Virginia later composed, the West Virginians “broke and ran and we sought them with handgun and saber.” A member of the 4th New york city kept in mind, “The Secesh used their revolvers with a decision to massacre some of our lads” Capt. William Porter Wilken of the First West Virginia was delegated cut his method out, and only hardly got away capture when his horse bolted. He recorded, “I think nothing of charging against equal numbers, however to charge into an entire army of cavalry and infantry and weapons and see your pals cut down by their sabres and the deadly fire of their musketry and cannon, is not especially funny.”.
The savage attack of the 12th Virginia broke the Union line and drove it back toward Bull Run.
28_Brodhead refused, the Confederate shot and mortally injured the Yankee officer.
Adjutant Lewis Harman of the 12th Virginia met Brodhead near the Lewis Ford. Harman demanded Brodhead’s surrender and, when Brodhead declined, the Confederate shot and mortally injured the Yankee officer. Harman rode off with Brodhead’s horse, saddle, handguns, and sabre. Brodhead received a deathbed brevet to brigadier general for his worthy stand at the Lewis Ford … the 12th Virginia pursued as far as the Warrenton Turnpike. In his official report of the project, Stuart pointed out that the melee at the Lewis Ford “was of extremely brief duration.”.
The battle at the ford, nevertheless, had been severe. Robertson’s men suffered five males eliminated and 40 males wounded, including Munford. One member of the 12th Virginia, a Sergeant Leopold, was injured in three places throughout the furious clash at Lewis Ford. Buford’s losses were much heavier, with approximately 300 casualties.– pp. 746-747.
29_Robertson’s programs swept down upon a force significantly surpassing them.
Stuart exulted in his official report of the campaign that at Lewis Ford, “… over 300 of the enemy’s cavalry were put hors de battle, they, together with their horses and equipments, falling into our hands.” Stuart bragged about his victory, mentioning “Nothing might have equated to the elegance with which Robertson’s routines swept down upon a force considerably surpassing them, hence effectively suggesting a claim for courage and discipline equivalent to any cavalry on the planet.”– Gen. J.E.B. Stuart’s Report to Gen. Robert E. Lee February 28, 1863, OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 12, Part 2 (2nd Manassas) p. 737.
Leopold Becomes an Avenging Scout and Bushwhacker:.
September– late October, 1862: Leopold, still fired by the battleground, recovers.
30_J. E.B.Stuart and his staff are resting at The Bower.
31_overlooking the Opequon Creek.
Confederate Cavalry General J.E.B.Stuart and his staff are resting at The Bower neglecting the Opequon Creek and will stay there up until late, October, 1862.
32_Probably under the excellent oaks there, Stuart went over.
Most likely under the excellent oaks there, Stuart discussed plans and met with Redmond Burke and Andrew Leopold to make them mail-carriers, horse-thieves, conscriptors, and his “eyes” along the rivers around Jefferson County.
33_Stuart went over strategies and met Redmond Burke and Andrew Leopold
2nd Cavary Routine
< img alt=" the avengers" src=" http://blog.filmfangear.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/38248288431_f61f8d8f79.jpg" width=" 400"/ > Image by< a href= " http://www.flickr.com/photos/35703177@N00/38248288431" > The United States Army Spc. Matthew Williams, a cavalry scout designated to Second Cavalry Program fires a Stinger missile utilizing Man-Portable Air Defense Systems (MANPADs) during Artemis Strike, a live fire exercise at the NATO Missile Firing Installation (NAMFI) off the coast of Crete, Greece Nov. 6, 2017. (Photos by Sgt. 1st Class Jason Epperson, 10th AAMDC PAO)
Best Of Marvel Studios’ “Marvel’s The Avengers” – Red Carpet
< img alt=" the avengers" src =" http://blog.filmfangear.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/6925796952_98db5ea052.jpg" width =" 400"/ > Image by< a href =" http://www.flickr.com/photos/68928263@N00/6925796952" > insidethemagic HOLLYWOOD, CA- APRIL 11:( L-R) Chairman of The Walt Disney Studios, Rich Ross, Walt Disney Studios President of Worldwide Marketing Ricky Strauss and President of Production, Marvel Studios and manufacturer Kevin Feige participates in the premiere of Marvel Studios’ “Marvel’s The Avengers” held at the El Capitan Theatre on April “11, 2012 in Hollywood, California.( Photo by Alberto E. Rodriguez/WireImage) *** Regional Caption *** Rich Ross; Ricky Strauss; Kevin Feige