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7_sank dead to the bottom of the river
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Andrew Leopold’s Forlorn Hope (2) – by Jim Surkamp With Author Steve French
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by Jim Surkamp on June 19, 2014 in Civilian, Confederate, Jefferson County, Union, Wartime
Andrew Leopold Warmaker To Peacemaker With Steve French, Author “Rebel Chronicles,” contact: email@example.com
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Redmond Burke, Andrew Leopold, and Their Gang Descend on The River Towns:
1_Leopold is ordered by General Stuart
2_on “separated service” and, with a small team
3_from Berryville to Shepherdstown
Leopold is purchased by General Stuart to join Redmond Burke on “removed service” and, with a small team, remains behind in the Potomac River location from Berryville to Shepherdstown while the primary Confederate Army moves further south. His task is to find conscripts, carry mail between houses and soldiers, take horses and watch the movements of the Federal army. Leopold in carrying mail, is also allowed to determine the names of, and whereabouts of able-bodied guys not gotten in his Confederate army, such as Jacob Hudson and Charles Entler.
The Wayward Letter:
4_One letter to be delivered that would cause much debate
( One letter to be delivered that would cause much controversy was a “thank you” note to widow Lily Parran Lee in Shepherdstown. Gen. Stuart had been attempting to buy a new uniform while at The Bower. He had checked out Mrs. Lee, a dear and trusted friend in Shepherdstown. Her partner, William Fitzhugh Lee, passed away initially Manassas/Bull Run wearing silver stimulates Stuart had actually offered him. It seems, according to the letter, that Daniel Rentch, a merchant in Shepherdstown, was commissioned and– did indeed have made– the famous cape that J.E.B. Stuart would wear in the war. It was provided. In the letter Stuart informs Mrs. Lee to thank Mr. Rentch for the cape. Burke was carrying a letter in between Stuart and Mrs. Lee, perhaps this one).
Wednesday– November 19, 1862, Dam No. 4 on the Potomac River– Leopold’s First Victim:
5_Leopold’s Very first Victim
Fearing conscription, Unionist residents quickly transferred throughout the Potomac into the security of Maryland. The big family of one Jim Dunn was making such a relocation across the river near the guard lock of Dam No. 4, wth some pickets from the 12th Pennsylvania Cavalry watching from the Maryland side. Burke’s and Leopold’s gang unexpectedly appeared and with gunfire broke up the moving, leaving the majority of Dunn’s household stuck still on the Virginia side. Dunn was stuck on the Maryland side. Dunn asked three regional guys– Theodore “Mort” Cookus, a farmer with arrive at the Virginia side, Charles Ridenour and William Colbert– ambling along on the towpath– to assist get his household and cargo across the river. After over an hour, the 4 men re-crossed the Potomac to the Virginia side. Burke and Leopold and others attacked once again:
Author French Recounts Leopold’s Firing On “Mort” Cookus:
6_Author French Recounts
Suddenly Burke, Leopold, Hipsley and O’Brien appeared. Leopold screamed to Ridenour, “Halt you Yankee Son-of-a bitch!” … He (Ridenour) remembered Cookus crying out, “For God’s sake males, don’t shoot me!” Burke responded, “Give up or we will certainly eliminate you.” Then practically concurrently, the captain and Leopold each fired once into the skiff. Cookus, now hit on the left side, delved into the river “After Cookus leapt out,” Ridenour later testified, “he swam twelve or fifteen feet and received 3 more shots. Whenever the guns crack, he dodged his head under water. Capt. Burke states don’t kill him. Laypole states I will eliminate the kid of a bitch.” And he did. Union Gen. George Gordon wrote: … a brave and adventurous fellow called Cookus … plunged into the river and set out intensely for the Maryland coast. Two-thirds of the way across he was hit by a bullet and sank dead to the bottom of the river.– Gordon, p. 14.
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7_sank dead to the bottom of the river.
Author Steve French: 8_they’re all back with Stuart
They are taken to Fort McHenry. The soldiers who are recorded– they’re launched very quickly later on, paroled. And by January the first, 1864, they’re all back with Stuart at his camp near Fredericksburg, Virginia. That winter, as quickly as he is exchanged and the others are exchanged, they’re back in the service– dispatched service– running when again in the Shepherdstown/Berryville location, bring mail backward and forward in between the citizens and armies, scouting and so on.
March 6, 1863– Leopold– the Deserter’s Avenger in Shepherdstown:
9_he comes into Shepherdstown with John O’Brien
Author Steve French:
On the night of March the Sixth, he enters into Shepherdstown with John O’Brien, and he’s hunting for a guy called Jacob Hudson. He discovers Hudson caring for his uncle at his house at Shepherdstown. And he knocks on the door with O’Brien. Seemingly he doesn’t know Hudson, however Hudson has actually been talking about him around town. When Hudson opens the door, Leopold requests for Hudson– “Is Hudson in your house?”– Hudson immediately becomes afraid and he runs towards the back door and he is shot down. George Brantner, who was a former Confederate soldier, he’s seated right in that room, can not tell whether it was Leopold or O’Brien who shot the boy, but he sure recognizes him later on, because Leopold met Brantner at the door and (Leopold) informed him he had mail for him. Leopold will boil down the street that night. He will tell one resident (Federal postmaster Elias Baker on German Street-JS) here in the town that he did shoot a male up the street then they will leave the mail here and head back for camp.
10_Leopold Avenges Again
March 15-16, 1863– Leopold Avenges Again at the Bridgeport, MD Ferry:
11_group of men go to Sharpsburg
Ten days later, on the night of March 15th & & 16th, Leopold and a group of men go to Sharpsburg, Maryland, and, in Sharpsburg that night they take 6 horses from an oyster wagon, parked outside of a local tavern. After midnight on the 16th, they go back to attempt to get across the river. They go to Bridgeport where the ferryboat is, directly behind me, and they knock on the door. They say they have a dispatch to take to Harper’s Ferry to (Federal) General Stevenson. The boy, Charles Entler and his buddy Samuel Jones, that are in the workplace that night, sleeping in the office, choose not to respond to the door. Lastly, Leopold starts tearing the shutters off the windows and Charles decides to come out. Samuel Jones would later state he understood it was Leopold at the door, but he was too frightened, too scared to say a word. As Charles comes out the door, his brother, Luther, who is in the ferryboat home himself, walks outside; and, as quickly as he gets outside, he hears a guy shout at his bro:
13_By God, I’m Captain Leopold
14_Charles, nineteen-years-old, runs and dies
” By God, I’m Captain Leopold and I have actually been looking for you a very long time.” Immediately the gunshot goes off, Luther turns, makes haste into his house to obtain his revolver. His brother, Charles, nineteen-years-old, runs off and dies in the road, increasing towards Ferry Hill. Leopold and his guys leave. Now, they’re wanted men. The Middletown Valley Register over in Maryland, a few days later on, brings out a long short article about Leopold and his band and at the end of it states: “Leopold should have a hempen collar.” So he’s a wanted guy, not just by the authorities in Maryland, however by Union soldiers, especially Major General Robert Milroy, the well-known “Grey Eagle,” who was headquartered at that time in Winchester.
April 21-22, 1863 south of Millwood, Va.- Leopold and his group are regained:
To completion of April around April 21st, Union forces are sent out of Berryville and they go to Castleman’s Ferryboat. That night, they will catch Leopold, and, when again, some of the Burkes– Hipsley and some other men when they surround your home, and they threaten to burn it down, if the Confederates do not come out.
15_They’re taken to Winchester and put in the Clarke County prison
Author French continues:
They’re taken to Winchester and put in the Clarke County prison. While because prison, one of Milroy’s citizen spies called Michael Graham from Woodstock, Virginia, talks with Leopold and find out exactly what he wants. Leopold wants to either sign up with the Union Army or be permitted to obtain out of jail and go to Ohio. In return he will inform Milroy who the scouts and spies are in the lower Shenandoah Valley. He will meet with Milroy, and Milroy will pay attention to all this, however Leopold plays his hand too quick, and informs Milroy what he has to know in advance.
16_brought prior to Federal Major General Robert Milroy
Leopold (Laypole, Leopole) is brought in the past Federal Major General Robert Milroy at Winchester, VA and begins bargaining:
Major-General SCHENCK, WINCHESTER, VA., April 25, 1863. Baltimore, Md.: Rebel [Andrew T.] Leopole, the last 2 days in irons, wishing for leniency, makes this statement:
House, Sharpsburg, Md. Gotten in Confederate service two years back, as ensign First Regiment Virginia (rebel) Cavalry, and stayed because routine till Stuart’s visit as brigadier, about a month after the very first battle of Manassas, when I became ensign of his brigade, which I continued to be up until last Might, when I was transferred to the Virginia Cavalry as third lieutenant. I continued in that routine till after the battle of Sharpsburg, in September last, when I was promoted to first lieutenant of Business D, same program, where routine I served till November 24 last, when I was caught at Shepherdstown. I stayed a prisoner until January 6 last, when I was exchanged, and reported, as bought, to General Stuart, at his headquarters, where I stayed till January 13, acting as his couriers. On January 14, as purchased by him, I left for Castlemans Ferry, in command of 70 guys, where I stayed until last Tuesday, when, with 6 of my guys, I was recorded. My service there was to observe the motions of Federal forces, …
NOTE– At this moment Leopold seems divulging intelligence on Confederate positions to Milroy in hope of leniency– JS:
and report to General Fitzhugh Lee, who is now between Markham Station and Manassas Space Railway and the Shenandoah River, about 2 miles east of the Blue Ridge, with the First, Second, Third, Fourth, 5th, and Tenth Virginia Cavalry and two batteries. Routines balance about 350 men each. The region of these soldiers is about 16 miles from Castlemans Ferry and 10 miles from Berrys Ferry. General Trimble, with 3 infantry brigades, is near Orleans, in Fauquier County. Lee’s and Trimble’s forces moved at the very same time from Culpeper Court-House to their present position, where they showed up about 2 days prior to my capture. There are 2 other brigades one from Louisiana and the other from Virginia encamped between Sperryville and Little Washington. They come from Trimble’s department. With each brigade is a battery, and a battalion of weapons besides, connected to the division. The brigades, I believe, will average 1,900 men each. The 2 brigades near Sperryville came that far with the other brigades, and stopped there. I saw Geueral Stuart on the 17th of this month between Salem and Jefferson, and gained from him that A. P. Hill, with a part of his command, had actually left for the Valley by method of Hanover Junction, Charlottesville, and Staunton. I saw Hill’s luggage at Culpeper, and gained from the master of transportation that it was en path from Staunton. I heard General Stuart say that the Federal forces at Winchester would be recorded as quickly as the Shenandoah River became passable. I likewise learned from his basic order book that Jones had actually been purchased to march to the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, and destroy specific trestle-work on that roadway. I am fed up with combating, and desire to take the oath of obligation and retire into Ohio. I have actually always stood high with General Stuart, enjoyed his self-confidence, and, when at his headquarters, ate at his table.
Milroy concludes in this report:
The above statement is strongly supported by other scenarios and information. I advise that Heintzelman be directed to determine the truth of the above declaration, up until now as it refers to Fitzhugh Lees and Trimbles forces and their locality. R. H. MILROY, Major-General.– Letter to Maj. General Robert C. Schenck from Maj. General R. H. Milroy. pp. 252-253.
Author French wrap-ups:
They’re required to Winchester and put in the Clarke County prison. While in that jail, among Milroy’s resident spies called Michael Graham from Woodstock, Virginia, talks with Leopold and discovers what he wants. Leopold desires to either join the Union Army or be allowed to get from prison and go to Ohio. In return he will inform Milroy who the scouts and spies are in the lower Shenandoah Valley. He will meet Milroy, and Milroy will listen to all this, however Leopold plays his hand too fast, and informs Milroy exactly what he requires to know in advance. So Milroy won’t consent to give him his flexibility or enable him to change sides and sign up with the Union Army, but he will pack him to the jail at Fort McHenry.
Fort McHenry, MD– Leopold is not relied on, is tried after much delay and hanged:
So Milroy will not agree to provide him his freedom or enable him to change sides and join the Union Army, however he will load him to the prison at Fort McHenry.
17_Baker would compose that Leopold is not trusted
Captain Joel Baker, the guard, remarks that the majority of the prisoners of the group– there has to do with 8 or 9 in the guard space– most of the detainees are cultured gentlemen, however not Leopold. Baker would write that Leopold is not relied on by the other detainees. They believe he would offer them out for just a couple of cents.
Leopold is held in prison up until mid-December, 1863, when he is prosecuted by a military tribunal. He’s accuseded of a number of criminal offenses, of being a guerrilla, murderer, breaching an act of war, and being a spy. The tribunal is led by Col. W. W. Bates of the 8th New york city heavy weapons. The Judge Advocate is Lieutenant Roderick Baldwin. Leopold will represent himself, however he will have the aid of a local, Baltimore lawyer, Milton Whitney Esq. who was widely known in Baltimore for lots of years.
18_he will have the assistance of a regional, Baltimore lawyer, Milton Whitney Esq
. Author French continues:
The trial opens up. A great deal of regional homeowners come from here to Fort McHenry to affirm, consisting of Daniel Rentch, Luther Entler, Samuel Jones, other guys from Shepherdstown and likewise General Milroy will appear. The trial will go– on and off– for most likely three, nearly 4, weeks. They break for Christmas a while; they break for various witnesses to show up. Lastly, 2 charges are dropped, but he is still accuseded of being a guerrilla and killer, both capital offenses.
19_wasn’ t a guerilla, that he was a Confederate soldier
His defense rests on that he wasn’t a guerilla, that he was a Confederate soldier, particularly dispatched into this location by J.E.B. Stuart. Likewise, he chose not to confess that he had actually murdered Charles Entler. He stated he didn’t have anything more to do with the murder of that young kid than any of the judges on the tribunal; and, he stated the shooting of Cookus was simply part of a regional skirmish. So he denied being a guerrilla; he rejected being a killer.
In his summation, Lt. Baldwin, the Judge Supporter, would say: we owe something to individuals of the border who have actually been pestered from their home, who have been killed at their doorstep. We have to protect them.
The verdict comes back. He is convicted of murder: the murder of Entler, the murder of Cookus– and he is founded guilty of being a guerilla. Afterwards, the decision and the outcomes of the trial– increases through the hierarchy. Finally, they reach that April, Judge Supporter Joseph Holt. Holt reviews all capital cases for Abraham Lincoln. In a four-page review, Holt will state this male has actually been founded guilty of these criminal offenses and he is worthy of the death sentence. In late April, 1864, Abraham Lincoln will validate that.
At that time, Leopold is drawn from the guard room, shackled. He’s put in a cell, still in the inner fort, but not with the remainder of the guys on death row. During that month, there is a big escape from the guard space at Fort McHenry. William Boyd Compton leads the rest of the men in the escape and they all eventually get back to the Confederate lines.
On the night of April the 22nd, Leopold will be notified by his pastor, Doctor Reese, that his execution will be the next morning. He will consult with Reese that evening for prayer and communion. During the winter season, Leopold would become a committed Christian. He studied the Bible regularly. He had another small book that he would study. They had prayer. Reese left for a while.
20_About, five-thirty (AM), he would return
About, five-thirty (AM), he would return. As soon as again, they would broach the afterlife. Then he (Leopold) would go out under guard, get on the wagon atop his casket, and he would ride to the execution site ideal outside the walls.
21_Robert Baylor of Charlestown was likewise a prisoner
Captain Robert Baylor of Charlestown was also a prisoner at Fort McHenry at the time. He was out on the grounds of the fort and as he passed Baylor, Leopold would wave to Baylor and said: “Tell the young boys I remain real to the cause.” As they neared the execution site, he could see the soldiers of the fort lined up on three sides of the gallows. The gallows there might have four executions at the time.
22_Lew Wallace existed, later on the author of “Ben Hur.”
( Federal) Major General Lew Wallace existed, later on the author of “Ben Hur.” He was the commander-in-chief of the Eighth Corps Middle Department, and Brig. General W. W. Morris, the sixty-six years of age leader of Fort McHenry was also there.
23_Leopold pointed to Gen. Morris and stated
24_The hood was placed on his neck
He was helped off the wagon. The reporter for “The Baltimore American” stated that “Leopold went up the steps firm and undaunted.” Once atop the scaffold, he was asked for any last words and Leopold indicated Gen. Morris and said: “Old man, you’re the reason I’m here. But I’ll forgive and I’ll satisfy you in Paradise.” After that, he went back. The hood was placed on his neck by Personal Elijah Brown, and then the rope put around his neck.
25_Leopold dropped into eternity
Just later on, Morris provided the signal, then– Leopold dropped into eternity. He would hang there for about twenty minutes prior to the soldiers took him down. There were friends there in Baltimore, a few of Leopold’s pals. They brought him back to Sharpsburg, where he was prepared for burial. A few days later, he was going to be brought to Shepherdstown to bury in the Soldier’s Cemetery. His plot will be right next to Redmond Burke, his old Captain. However he’s going to be brought across here by the undertaker, (with) naturally his mom and sisters are with that group.
26_They’re going to ride up this hill
They’re going to ride up this hill. At the Entler Hotel, there is a group of Unionists screaming at the undertaker to return. Ahead of time these same individuals had actually (gone) to the cemetery and alerted the over four hundred mourners there to leave, however they neglected them. They go to the cemetery– once again– there’s a huge crowd there. Great deals of girls crying and so on. He is buried.
Although maybe a year prior to, Leopold had actually been a hated individual by a lot of Confederates in this area because they heard that he was going to switch sides. By this time, he totally redeemed himself. His conversion to Christianity, his bravery on the scaffold had turned him into a regional hero. Later on, that same day, the Unionists would strike. They would come back and would steal the undertaker’s hearse and his horses and ride away with them. Whether he was really guilty of every crime that he was accused is questionable. He wasn’t a guerilla. He belonged to the regular Confederate Cavalry and there’s some question, on the murder of Entler that it might have O’Brien did the shooting.
27_Mary Louise Entler
Mary Louise Entler who lived her life from rebel wild feline to 92-year old sensible woman in Shepherdstown at the time she passed away there March 27, 1932 who carried mail with Leopold and aimed to conserve him, wrote: “His fault was recklessness. He did not think exactly what may be his fate if caught in the Union lines, and he had run the onslaught so frequently without being caught that he became heedless of danger.”
28_he ended up being heedless of risk
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< img alt="the avengers"src ="http://blog.filmfangear.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/6185949543_706eff59eb.jpg"width ="400"/ > Image by North Dakota National Guard Sgt. 1st Class Paul Deegan(second from left)protects detonation cable to blocks of C4 at Camp Grafton South with the support of Warrant Officer Class 1 Benjamin Afful (left), an officer in the Ghana Army. Afful teaches battle engineering in Ghana and participating in a trainer exchange Sept. 17, 2011. Sgt. Maj. Richard Kyere-Yeboah( ideal), a senior enlisted leader at the Engineer Training School in Accra, Ghana, and Sgt. Brossard, at trainee at the North Dakota National Guard’s 164th Regional Training Institute, look on to discover. Deegan, an instructor for the 164th Regional Training Institute, traveled to Ghana in February as part of an engineer instructor exchange. The occasions were part of the Department of Defense-sponsored State Partnership Program, which has combined North Dakota with Ghana considering that 2004.(Photo by Sgt. Brett Miller, North Dakota National Guard Visual Information )